Its main gate bore the legend "Arbeit Macht Frei" - Labour Brings Liberty. Actually labour, all done at double time, brought torment, and the only motto fit for this hell on earth was "Abandon hope, all ye who enter here." For at Dachau men like Rudolf Hoess, who was to be Commandant of Auschwitz, and Adolf Eichmann, who later "boasted of five million murders," served their apprenticeship. Here the soul of Nazism was first made manifest. Piers Brendon, The Dark Valley, A Panorama of the 1930s.