Detail of Triangle Sculpture at International Memorial

Homosexuals, who were sent to a concentration camp for violating Nazi laws, were required to wear a pink cloth triangle sewn to the front of their shirt to identify them to the SS guards. Jehovah's Witnesses, who were put into concentration camps because they refused to serve in the German Army or because they were distributing pamphlets against the Nazi government, had to wear a purple triangle. Blue triangles were for slave laborers brought to the camp from German occupied countries. Yellow triangles designated Jewish prisoners and red represented political dissidents. Two cloth triangles of different colors, such as red with yellow or blue with yellow, with one sewn on top of the other to form a six pointed star, identified Jewish prisoners. Not shown on this artwork are the black triangles which were assigned to Communists, Socialists, Gypsies and asocials, or the green triangles which were for common criminals who were sent to Dachau after completing their regular prison sentence. This information is from the Museum exhibit at the Memorial site. During the liberation of the camp, all the prisoners were set free, including the common criminals.

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