This reconstructed building, called a Wohnbaracke in German, resembles the original barrack buildings which were divided into four Stuben or living-room and dormitory units. Two of these Stuben had to share one wash-room and lavatory. The showers were in the large operations building across the Roll Call Square from the barracks. Each Stube was built to accommodate 52 prisoners, or 208 prisoners per barrack. As the war progressed, large numbers of prisoners were brought to Dachau from the newly occupied European countries. The camp became so overcrowded that up to 1,600 prisoners had to live in one barrack designed for only 208 people. The living-room portion of the barrack was later eliminated and each block was converted into eight rooms instead of four. The prisoners had to sleep with several people crowed into one bunk bed. There was also one barrack building, Block 5, that was used for medical experiments on the prisoners without the permission of the prisoner, sometimes resulting in the death of the prisoner. All of this information is from the Museum Guidebook. According to survivor Nerin E. Gun, Block 11 was a brothel where prostitutes who were not political prisoners were available for 2 marks a trick, a week's wages for the prison workers. He wrote that the brothel was not used by the SS soldiers who had a separate facility, but was accessible to all the prisoners except the Jews. Click on the link below to see a picture from the Museum exhibit showing a prisoner in front of a barrack building or click on the picture above to continue the Virtual Tour.
Young French concentration camp prisoner
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