According to the Museum Guidebook, there were originally 32 barrack buildings like the reconstructed building above, including two that were used as an infirmary. Each building was 90 meters long by 10 meters wide. Inside are reconstructed rooms with two rows of three-tiered bunk beds, along a center aisle, as they looked when the camp was opened in 1933, and also the more crowded bunk beds as they looked after the barracks population got progressively larger. The floors are bare, unstained and unvarnished wood, and look as if they have just been scrubbed clean, the smell of disinfectant still lingering. A sign in the barracks explains that the prisoners had to keep their quarters clean, even being required to remove their wooden shoes before entering the building. The beds had to be made up with the blue and white checkered bed sheets in precise alignment to form perfect parallels with the sides and ends. The prisoners at Dachau, throughout the 12 year history of the camp, were predominantly men although Marcus J. Smith wrote in his book "The Harrowing of Hell" that there were 376 women in the camp when it was liberated. On my visit to the Museum in May 1997, I did not notice any pictures of women in the Dachau camp in the photo exhibit. Click on the link below to see a picture taken on liberation day which shows the three-tier bunk beds, or click on the picture above to continue the tour.
Picture of prisoners in barrack room after liberation
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