Obere Apotheke


Drug Store that supplied medicine to Dachau camp

A pharmacy, named Obere Apotheke, was established by Max Höfler in 1917 just down the street from the Hörhammerbräu at Konrad-Adenauer-Strasse 18. His father had owned a pharmacy located on the other side of the street, next to the parish church of St. Jakob, since 1872. On the corner of the building next to the pharmacy, there is a stone carving of Max's father, Dr. Constantin Höfler, which was done by Dachau artist Wilhelm Neuhäuser in 1931. The photograph above shows the pink pharmacy building and to the right is the statue on the corner of the adjoining building.

The Obere Apotheke supplied medicine to the prisoners in the Dachau concentration camp, which was delivered to the camp by the parish church of St. Jakob. Sometimes the Obere also handed out medication illegally to the prisoners who came to the town on work details.

The pharmacy is of historic importance in the town of Dachau because it was one of the buildings that was damaged in the fighting on April 30, 1919 between the Prussian Freikorps Görlitz, sent by the government from Berlin, and the Red Army of the Communists. The Red Army had occupied Dachau since they captured the town in "The Battle of Dachau" on April 16, 1919. The Freikorps was also known as the White Guard because they wore white armbands while the Red Army wore red armbands. After a battle that lasted one day, the Freikorps liberated the town of Dachau from the Communists. The white armbands, worn by the Freikorps, were decorated with an ancient emblem called the swastika.

In Germany, there is no over-the-counter medicine, like in America. When you need an aspirin in Dachau, you don't go to the supermarket, but to the pharmacy.


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